One of the best-known historical sites in Athens, the Parthenon is an ancient Greek temple on the Athenian Acropolis, dedicated to the goddess Athena during the fifth century BC. Its decorative sculptures are considered to be some of the high points of classical Greek art, an enduring symbol of Ancient Greece, democracy and Western civilization.
The Parthenon replaced an older temple of Athena, which historians call the Pre-Parthenon or Older Parthenon, that was demolished in the Persian invasion of 480 BC. Since 1975 numerous large-scale restoration projects have been undertaken to preserve remaining artefacts and ensure its structural intergrity.
THEATRE OF HERODES ATTICUS
The Odeon of Herodes Atticus, known as the “Herodeon” is a stone Roman theatre structure located on the southwest slope of the Acropolis of Athens, on the Dionysiou Aereopagitou Street. It is considered to be one of the best open air theatres in the world.
ANCIENT CEMETERY OF KERAMEIKOS
The cemetery of ancient Athens was continuously in use from the 9th century BC until the Roman times. It is an extraordinary archeological site in 11 acres, filled with tombstones and statues of astonishing design and quality.
The archeological site of Kerameikos is located at the end of Ermou street, on the northwest of the Acropolis.
Overlooking the Acropolis and the Parthenon, the Philopappos Monument is an ancient Greek mausoleum, a square white-marble construction situated on he Philopappou Hill. It was dedicated to Gaius Julius Antiochus Epiphanes Philopappos, a prince from the Kingdom of Commagene.
ANCIENT AGORA STOA OF ATTALOS
The Stoa of Attalos was a stoa in the Agora of Athens. It was built by and named after King Attalos II of Pergamon, who ruled betwe4en 159 BC and 138 BC. It currently houses the Museum of the Ancient Agora.
The collection of the museum includes clay, bronze and glass objects, sculptures, coins and inscriptions from the 7th to the 5th century BC, as well as pottery of the Byzatine period and the Turkish conquest.
TEMPLE OF HEPHAESTUS
The Temple of Hephaestus is said to be the best preserved ancient temple in Greece. It is a Doric peripteral temple, located at the north-western side of the Agora of Athens, on top of the Agoraios Kolonos hill. It was dedicated to Hephaestus, the ancient god of fire and Athena, goddess of pottery and crafts.
TEMPLE OF OLYMPIAN ZEUS
The Temple of Olympian Zeus is one of the largest temples in the ancient world. It is also known as the Olympeion or Colymns of the Olympian Zeus is a former colossal temple at the center of Athens. It was dedicated to “Olympian” Zeus, an anem originating from his position as head of the Olympian gods.