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NEWS / CATEGORY: "MEDICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA"

Revolutionizing Cancer Care: Advanced Treatment Strategies

Mar 14, 2024
Cancer care is evolving with advanced treatment approaches. From precise radiation therapies to innovative methods, patients receive tailored care for better outcomes.
Homed-Revolutionizing Cancer Care: Advanced Treatment Strategies

Advanced Cancer Treatment Approaches

Introduction to Radiation Therapy

Doctors rely on radiation therapy as a crucial method for treating cancer, using high-energy radiation to target rapidly dividing cells while preserving healthy tissue. This treatment encompasses both external beam radiation and internal radiation techniques.

External Beam Radiation Therapy

External beam radiation directs radiation from outside the body to the cancer site. Various techniques, such as three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3D-CRT), intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), and image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT), allow doctors to precisely target tumors while minimizing damage to surrounding tissues. Specialized approaches like stereotactic radiosurgery and stereotactic body radiation therapy offer focused treatment for small tumors, particularly in sensitive areas like the brain or spinal cord. Proton beam radiation and electron beam radiation therapy provide targeted solutions for specific cancer types and locations.

Internal Radiation Therapy

Doctors administer internal radiation therapy by delivering radiation internally through methods such as injections, ingestion of radioactive substances, or brachytherapy implants directly into the tumor. This technique ensures that doctors precisely deliver radiation while sparing nearby healthy tissue.

Applications of Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy plays a pivotal role in treating various cancers, including Hodgkin lymphoma, prostate cancer, breast cancer, and certain types of lung cancer. It can be employed as a standalone treatment or in combination with other therapies like chemotherapy to enhance treatment efficacy.

Side Effects and Considerations

Side effects of radiation therapy vary depending on the treated area and may involve fatigue, skin problems, mouth sores, gastrointestinal issues, and urinary problems. While doctors make efforts to minimize damage to healthy tissues, there is a risk of long-term side effects and an increased risk of developing other cancers in the future, particularly based on the age of the individual and the part of the body treated.

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