GR 1144

Combatting Tularemia: Understanding, Preventing, and Treating a Bacterial Threat

Mar 08, 2024
Discover key strategies for averting tularemia, a notable bacterial infection. Understanding its symptoms and embracing preventive measures can significantly reduce the risk of contracting this disease. Dive into the essentials of diagnosis and the efficacy of treatments to safeguard your health against this hidden threat.
Homed-Combatting Tularemia: Understanding, Preventing, and Treating a Bacterial Threat

Preventing tularemia

Understanding Tularemia

Tularemia is an infection caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis, primarily found in wild animals like rodents, rabbits, and hares. Humans can catch this disease through several means, such as touching infected animals, getting bitten by ticks or insects carrying the bacterium, consuming contaminated food or water, or breathing in particles contaminated with the bacterium. This disease doesn’t spread from one person to another.

Symptoms and Types

The symptoms and specific type of tularemia vary based on how the bacterium enters the body. Common symptoms include fever, skin sores, swollen lymph nodes, eye irritation, sore throat, abdominal discomfort, cough, and breathing difficulties. These symptoms typically emerge within 2 to 10 days following exposure. The disease manifests in different forms, including ulceroglandular, glandular, oculoglandular, oropharyngeal, typhoidal, pneumonic, and septicemic tularemia, each presenting unique signs.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Doctors diagnose tularemia by considering the patient’s exposure history and confirm it through blood and tissue sample cultures or DNA detection in infected fluids. The condition responds well to antibiotics such as streptomycin, gentamicin, or doxycycline. Early treatment is crucial for a positive outcome.

Prevention Tips

Preventing tularemia involves using insect repellent, wearing protective clothing, avoiding untreated water, and fully cooking wild game. Although there’s no vaccine for the public, post-exposure antibiotics can prevent the disease from developing after a high-risk exposure. With timely and appropriate treatment, most people recover from tularemia, although untreated severe cases can lead to significant health risks or death.

Learn more about tularemia by Clicking here 

Preventing tularemia



+30 or WhatsApp +30 697.69.13.046


The call center is available 24/7 at +30
The WhatsApp phone at +30 697.69.13.046 is available daily from 07:00 to 23:00.